Heart Issues in Children

Definition The Social Security Administration defines a cardiovascular impairment as any disorder that affects the proper functioning of the heart or the circulatory system (arteries, veins, capillaries, and the lymphatic drainage). The disorder can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (the result of a disease, accident, or medication). General…

Scoliosis

A. Definition Scoliosis is defined as a lateral (toward the side) spinal curvature of more than 10 degrees to the right or left as the examiner faces the patient (in the coronal plane). Deformity also can exist to the front or back (in the sagittal plane). B. General information Approximately…

Malnutrition

A. Definition Malnutrition is the condition that occurs when the body does not get enough nutrients to maintain healthy tissues and organ function. It is characterized by significant weight loss, often due to a digestive disorder. B. General Information The Social Security Administration evaluates malnutrition as it relates to any digestive…

Cystic Fibrosis

A. Definition Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening, inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs and digestive system. The name, cystic fibrosis, refers to the characteristic scarring (fibrosis) and cyst formation within the pancreas. It is caused by a genetic mutation that impacts the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestine. Difficulty breathing…

Growth Impairment

A. Definition Growth impairments are common in children. Growth impairments from a known source such as fetal alcohol syndrome, dwarfism, sick cell, and malnutrition have all been recognized as disabilities. However, just being smaller than average does not qualify as a disability, according to the Social Security Administration. Often an…

Development and Emotional Disorders of Newborn and Younger Infants (Birth to Age 1)

A. Definition A developmental disorder is one of several disorders that interrupts normal development in childhood. It can affect a single area of development or comprise several pervasive developmental disorders. A developmental delay is any significant lag in a child's physical, cognitive, behavioral, emotional, or social development, in comparison with…

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

A. Definition  Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), also called hyperkinetic disorder, is a psychiatric disorder and chronic condition defined by developmentally inappropriate degrees of inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. B. General information ADHD affects millions of children and often persists into adulthood. Despite being the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric…